31 July 2013

Extracts from "Jinnah of Pakistan"


Stanley Wolpert, the famous Indo-Pak historian published the most authentic biography of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah in 1984. This book was published after 15 years of research by Stanley Wolpert. He interviewed many people who were  relevant to Quaid-e-Azam including the last viceroy of India Lord Louis Mountbatten. It was also Stanley Wolpert, who in this book wrote the epic quote about Quaid-e-Azam:

“Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.”

This book contains treasure of information about the founder of Pakistan and many things which common people of Pakistan don't know. Stanley Wolpert has praised Quaid-e-Azam in this Book and also written the above mentioned Quote about him and this proves the credibility and neutrality of the book.

This book is a masterpiece and its a must read for every person who has even a tiny interest in history. I am writing this article to share some points from this book about Quaid-e-Azam which are not known otherwise. First its commonly believed that Quaid-e-Azam took admission in Lincoln's Inn because it contained the name of Holy Prophet written on one of its main walls. However that's not true because there is no such wall in the Lincoln's Inn, according to the research of the Author. Secondly, Quaid-e-Azam wanted to be a stage actor. He even signed a contract with a stage production company in 1894 during his studies in London. However He later changed his mind about acting because his father strictly asked him not to be an actor through letter correspondence.

Third fact that is not commonly known is that after Quaid-e-Azam retired from to London in 1931 after First round table conference. He pursued a political career in London and He desperately wanted to be a member of Parliament in England. He lobbied to get the tickets of both Labour Party and Tory Party but failed. After that He came back to India and rose to unprecedented levels of fame. Fourth extract from the book is that Quaid-e-Azam loved Hamburgers, He was also a big fan of Pork Sausages. This proves that he was a secular and indeed wanted a secular Pakistan and not a Islamized Pakistan as few Urdu columnists are hell bent on proving.

Its also written in book that Quaid-e-Azam in a gathering in Bahawalpur, Privately said that Liaquat Ali Khan, Then Prime Minister, is a mediocre person and others are even worse. When Quaid-e-Azam was ailing in Ziarat, Liaquat Ali khan along with his cabinet came to pay him a visit. After their departure Quaid-e-Azam told Fatima Jinnah that Liaquat and his ministers had come to find out how many more days I will live. There is also a common misconception that Quaid-e-Azam was taken to Karachi from Ziarat via Quetta on 11th September 1948. The reality is that He stayed in Ziarat till 13th August 1948 and on that day He was taken to Quetta. He remained in Quetta from 13th August to 11th September 1948. Stanley Wolpert also unveils that when Quaid-e-Azam's plane landed on Maripur Airbase in Karachi on fateful day of 11th September  the Ambulance brought to carry Quaid-e-Azam malfunctioned. It stopped after a small distance away from airbase carrying Quaid-e-Azam. Its also shocking to know that at the time of his death the weight of Quaid-e-Azam had reduced to merely 72 pounds.

All the facts that I have extracted from the book and reproduced here can be hard to digest for some people. All the facts quoted are extracted from the said book and and are properly referenced in the book. However this is the reality that has remained hidden from us because we don't read books. I also discovered all these facts by reading this marvellous book authored by Stanley Wolpert. Book reading is indeed a good Habit and one must adopt it to broaden his knowledge and understanding about diverse range of issues. In the end it must be noted that Quaid-e-Azam was a great person and He accomplished what others can't even think about and the hidden facts which are mentioned in this book will not affect the reputation of Quaid-e-Azam.

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